Acne

Acne is a common disorder that causes whiteheads, blackheads and cysts on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders. The cause of acne is often multi-factorial – resulting from a combination of hormones, bacteria, oil gland activity, and plugged hair follicles. Having an occasional acne pimple or cyst is normal for most people and can…

Birthmarks

Birthmarks are caused by an overgrowth of superficial blood vessels or pigment cells. Different types of birthmarks include: Port wine stains are red to purple discolorations on the skin caused by swollen blood vessels. They may be removed with laser therapy. Hemangiomas or strawberry marks are flat red marks that appear in the first weeks…

Dry or Itchy Skin

Xerosis, or dry skin is characterized by itchy, cracked, scaly skin. It is usually located on the legs, but can be located on any area of the body. If not properly treated, dry skin may lead to eczema, dermatitis, ulcers or infection. A dermatologist may recommend prescription lotions. To prevent dry skin, use a humidifier,…

Cyst Removal

Cysts are benign growths that develop beneath the skin that contain fluid or solid material. They’re found mostly on the head and neck or trunk and arise from blocked hair follicles or skin trauma. They are usually painless but may become inflamed and tender. If a cyst becomes infected or repeatedly becomes inflamed it may…

Eczema

Eczema (atopic dermatitis) can begin as early as infancy and is marked by dry, red, itchy skin. It may start on the forehead, cheeks or scalp and spread to the trunk, creases of the elbows, knees and wrists. If scratched, the rash may become raw, crusted and infected. Approximately one third of children with this…

Hair Loss (Alopecia)

There are numerous causes of hair loss ranging from the autoimmune alopecia areata to scarring hairloss resulting from chronic scalp trauma (follicular degeneration syndrome). In many cases, the most important factor in ensuring rapid and complete recovering is early diagnosis and treatment. Treatments include topical or oral medications or injected steroids.

Moles

Everyone has moles (also known as “nevi”), sometimes 40 or more. They are usually brown in color and can be various sizes and shapes. The brown color is caused by melanocytes, special cells that produce the pigment melanin. Moles probably are determined before a person is born. Most appear during the first 20 years of…

Molluscum

Molluscum contagiosum is a viral infection of the skin more common in children than adults. If the lesions are scratched or injured, the infection can spread to surrounding skin. Treatment is usually painless through the application of a blistering agent or liquid nitrogen treatment. A topical cream may also be prescribed.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease that is classically characterized by thickened, red areas of skin covered with silvery scales. The extent of skin involvement can range from discrete, localized areas to generalized body involvement. The joints, nails, and mucous membranes may also be affected with the disease. Some cases of psoriasis are so mild…

Ringworm (Tinea)

Ringworm is a very common infection caused by a skin fungus, especially in warm, humid climates. It can occur on any part of the skin or scalp. A dermatologist may easily recognize ringworm by its ring-shaped rash. To confirm the presence of the ringworm fungus, they will probably look at a skin scraping under a…

Rosacea

Rosacea is a common skin disease that causes redness and swelling on the face. Often referred to as “adult acne,” rosacea may begin as a tendency to flush or blush easily, and progress to persistent redness in the center of the face that may gradually involve the cheeks, forehead, chin, and nose. It also may…

Skin Cancer

If current trends continue, 1 in 5 Americans will develop skin cancer during their lifetime. That is more than 1 million skin cancers diagnosed each year. Unlike most other cancer diagnoses, however, skin cancer if diagnosed early is almost always easily curable. The best surveillance is annual full skin examinations with a dermatologist and regular…

Skin Tag Removal

Skin tags are harmless, soft, skin-colored growths that hang from the surface of the skin on a thin piece of tissue called a stalk. They most often occur in areas that are subject to friction, such as the neck, armpits, underneath the breasts or in the groin. They can occasionally become irritating or unsightly. Skin…

Warts

Warts are caused by certain subtypes of the human papilloma virus (HPV). They may develop on people of all ages anywhere on the skin. Dermatologists most commonly use liquid nitrogen, surgical excision, or blistering agents in the office to treat warts. In difficult cases, prescription creams or injections may be used. Most warts require a…


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